Crocs Uncover

Bizarre Species

lunes, 1 de junio de 2009

Yangtze River

The Yangtze River, or Chang Jiang is the third-longest in the world, after the Amazon in South America and the Nile in Africa.

The river is about 6,385 km long (3915 mi) and flows from its source in Qinghai Province, eastwards into the East China Sea at Shanghai. It is considered by some[who?] as a dividing line between North and South China, although geographers generally consider the Qinling-Huai River line to be the official line of geographical division. As the largest river in the region, the Yangtze is historically, culturally, and economically important to China. One of the dams on the river, the Three Gorges Dam, is the largest hydro-electric power station in the world. The section of the river flowing through deep gorges in Yunnan province is part of the Three Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas: a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The name Yangtze River, as well as various similar names such as Yangtse River, Yangzi River, Yangtze Kiang, etc., is derived from Yangzi Jiang (which, beginning in the Sui Dynasty, was the Chinese name for the river in its lower reaches, specifically, the stretch between Yangzhou and Zhenjiang The name comes from the ancient ferry crossing Yangzi Jin From the Ming Dynasty, the name was sometimes written (yángzĭ). Because it was the name first heard by missionaries and traders, this name was applied in English to the whole river. In Chinese, Yangzi Jiang is considered a historical or poetic name for the river. The modern Chinese name, Chang Jiang literally means "long 'Jiang'" (Derived from Proto-Mon-Khmer languages, Jiang is the classical Chinese of Yangtze, but now it means river) and may sometimes also be used in English. It is also known to many as the 'Main Street' of China.

Like many rivers, the river is known by different names over its course. At its source, it is called in Chinese the Dangqu from the Tibetan for "marsh river"). Downstream, it is called the Tuotuo River and then the Tongtian River (, literally "river passing through heaven"). Where it runs through deep gorges parallel to the Mekong and the Salween before emerging onto the plains of Sichuan, it is known as the Jinsha River (Jīnshā Jiāng, literally "golden sands river").

The first turn of the Yangtze at Shigu, Yunnan Province, where the river turns 180 degrees from south- to north-bound.

Yangtze watershed

The Yangtze was earlier known to the Chinese as simply Jiang, which has become a generic name meaning "river", or the Da Jiang literally "great river"). The Tibetan name for the river is Drichu (Tibetan:. "river of the female yak"). The Yangtze is sometimes referred to as the Golden Waterway.

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