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martes, 5 de octubre de 2010

Ecological catastrophe': Toxic sludge kills 3

BUDAPEST — The Hungarian government declared a state of emergency on Tuesday after a toxic sludge spill killed at least three people, news agency MTI reported.

The state of emergency affected Veszprem, Gyor-Moson-Sopron and Vas counties. Six people were missing on Tuesday and 120 injured in what officials said was an ecological disaster.

The contaminated mud poured through Kolontar and two other villages on Monday after bursting out of an open containment pond at the nearby Ajkai Timfoldgyar Zrt plant, owned by MAL Zrt.

The sludge, a waste product in aluminum production, contains heavy metals and is toxic if ingested. Many of the injured sustained burns as the sludge seeped through their clothes. Two of the injured were in life threatening condition. An elderly woman, a young man and a 3-year-old child were killed in the flooding.

The chemical burns caused by the sludge could take days to reveal themselves and what may seem like superficial injuries could later cause damage to deeper tissue, Peter Jakabos, a doctor on duty at a hospital in Gyor where several of the injured were taken, said on state television.
Several hundred tons of plaster were being poured into the Marcal river to bind the toxic sludge and prevent it from flowing on, the National Disaster Management Directorate said.

So far, about 35.3 million cubic feet of sludge has leaked from the reservoir and affected an estimated area of 15.4 square miles, Environmental Affairs State Secretary Zoltan Illes told MTI.

Illes said the incident was an "ecological catastrophe" and it was feared that the sludge could reach the Raba and Danube rivers.

Seven towns, including Kolontal, Devecser and Somlovasarhely, were affected near the Ajkai Timfoldgyar plant in the town of Ajka, 100 miles southwest of Budapest, the capital.

'Burned him to the bone'
On Tuesday morning, the sludge in Tunde Erdelyi's house in Devecser was still five feet high and rescue workers used an ax to cut through her living room door to let the red liquid flow out.

"When I heard the rumble of the flood, all the time I had was to jump out the window and run to higher ground," said a tearful Erdelyi, still shocked by the events but grateful that she had been able to save a family rabbit and that her cat was found wet and shivering in the attic.

Robert Kis, Erdelyi's husband, said his uncle had been taken to Budapest, the capital, by helicopter after the sludge "burned him to the bone."

The flood overturned Erdelyi's car and pushed it some 30 yards to the back of the garden while her husband's van was lifted on to a fence.

"We still have some copper in the garage that we could sell to make a living for a while," Kis said as he attempted to appraise the damage to his house and belongings. Erdelyi, a seamstress, was hoping the flood has spared the shop in town where she worked, her family's main source of income.

The disaster agency said 390 residents had to be temporarily relocated and 110 were rescued from the flooded towns, where firefighters and soldiers were carrying out cleanup tasks.

Local environmentalists said that for years they had been calling the government's attention to the risks of red sludge, which in a 2003 report they estimated at 30 million tons.

"Accumulated during decades ... red sludge is, by volume, the largest amount of toxic waste in Hungary," the Clear Air Action Group said.

A woman observes the damage in Devecser on Tuesday, Oct. 5. About 35.3 million cubic feet of sludge has leaked from the reservoir and affected an estimated area of 15.4 square miles. At least three people were killed on Monday when a sludge reservoir at an aluminum factory burst, flooding parts of three villages. (Attila Kisbenedek / AFP

Tunde Erdelyi, left, saves her cat while Janos Kis, right, walks into their yard flooded by toxic mud in the town of Devecser, Hungary, on Tuesday.

A man stands knee-deep in toxic sludge as cleanup efforts begin in Devecser on Tuesday. Seven towns, including Kolontal, Devecser and Somlovasarhely, were affected near the plant.

Firefighters wade through mud flowing in the streets next to a timber trailer in Devecser on Monday.

The broken wall of the reservoir of the Ajka alumina factory in Kolontar, 167 kms southwest of Budapest, Hungary. The chemical sludge flooded the area between Ajka and Devecser. So far one million cubic metres of the chemical red sludge has leaked and it continues to pour endangering thousands of people with an ecological catastrophe. The Hungarian government declared a state of emergency in Veszprem, Gyor-Moson-Sopron and Vas counties. (Gyoergy Varga / EPA)

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